A duck, a chicken and a sheep called Sub-Alcielo: the first 1783 aircraft

Today everyone flies, which has turned the act of taking a plane into something surprisingly cheap (even some companies bet on offering free flights, at least indirectly. Today we can even fly for pleasureAs we are already sailing with cruise ships, that's why airships and other means of transport that are environmentally friendly are becoming fashionable again: for example, by means of solar energy.

On a date as close as 1783, the only person flying it was a sheep called very conveniently Sublet.

Those responsible for the Sub-Heal to rise to heights were the French brothers Joseph-Michel Y Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, just six months after an article appeared in the Paris Journal in which the French astronomer Jérôme de Lalande affirmed without being hurt by clothes: “It is completely impossible for man to rise in the air and float there. For this, wings of enormous dimensions would be necessary and would have such a thing done.

The Montgolfier brothers did not pay much attention to Lalande's prophetic words, and inspired by the image that the laundry that dried on the fire was carried up through the air, they built a box-shaped camera, with a thin frame of wood, and they covered it with taffeta cloth. As he explains Ian Crofton in History of science without boring chunks:

Under the dais on which she rested she lit a small fire, and noted with satisfaction that the box ascended to the ceiling. Plans were soon developed for a manned flight on a much larger device, but there was some concern that humans could find the high atmosphere harmful to their health.

Although those selected to go to heaven should have been a couple of criminals, heeding the king's suggestion Louis XVIthey were finally chosen a duck, a chicken and a sheep named Montauciel (Sublet it).

On September 19, 1783, they ascended to a height of 460 meters, they traveled 3 km and landed alive and completely healthy after a flight that lasted for 8 minutes.

He first human manned flight It was not long in coming, then: on October 15, the doctor Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier it ascended in the air in a balloon 23 meters high and 14 meters in diameter. At twenty-nine, Rozier had already demonstrated his creative skills by inventing a gas mask and a torch that used hydrogen as fuel. And now it had become the first human aircraft.

Many probably considered that the doctor of Marras was breaking some kind of divine law, tower style of Babel or Icarus, by climbing so high by artificial means. As in his time also with skyscrapers, that the pinnacles of the churches were not overcome by modesty, attrition and lack of elevators.

It was in the center of Bruges where the fifteenth century was built for the first time, a non-religious building (the 108-meter bell tower in honor of textile manufacturing) that surpassed a religious one (the nearby San Donato Cathedral). The feat would not be repeated until 1890, when the 86-meter spire of Trinity Church, next to the Wall Street Stock Exchange, was the tallest building in New York: it was in that year that a skyscraper was built that would house the New York World of Joseph Pulitzer. You can find out more about the tallest skyscrapers in the world, as well as the invention of the elevator in: The tallest skyscrapers in the world, the tallest in Europe, and the first one built (and why).