Since the late 1970s, inequalities between the rich and the rest of the population have been gradually increasing. Between 1993 and 2010, more than half of the national income of the United States corresponded to 1% of the population that had the highest income.
Since then, inequality has grown much faster. It is something that is happening in all the industrialized countries of the world. However, in the case of the United States it is even more bleeding, to the point that it is becoming the most unequal country in the world.
To give us an idea, the inequality of the United States is greater than that experienced by countries such as Egypt, Yemen or Tunisia, and the Philippines can be equated. As abounds in it Martin Ford in his book The rise of robots:
There are studies that indicate that economic mobility, a measure of the probability that children of poor families can ascend on the economic scale, is significantly lower in the United States than in almost all European countries. In other words, one of the most basic values of American culture (the belief that anyone can succeed through work and perseverance) has very little basis in statistical reality.
Also one of the most technological
To the problem of inequality, which includes that the rich and the organizations they control direct government policies through pressure groups or economic contributions (avoiding, for example, investing in the infrastructure and public goods on which the rest of the population), joins the fact that it is one of the most technological countries.
That is, the rich can conceive of industries that can increasingly dispense with human labor, being replaced by machines and robots, which increases the profits of business owners, but not of workers, who lose purchasing power or directly their job.
One of the points in favor of the United States is to be the home of Silicon Valley, the home of the most successful companies in the world of technology such as Google, Apple, Microsoft, Dell or AMD, among others. But these companies generate great profits using less and less human workers.
For example, the combined benefits of all businesses, restaurant chains and supermarkets on the Fortune 500 list are less than Apple's benefits alone, but in Apple work 76,000 people and in stores, supermarkets and restaurant chains work 5.6 million people.
In the face of which it seems that we should not dispense with technology, but with labor and benefit-sharing policies, perhaps adopting some kind of universal basic income. Especially in countries as deeply unequal as the United States.