He zika virus It is caused by the bite of a mosquito and is cataloged as an arbovirus belonging to the genus Flavivirus, which are those that invertebrate animals such as mosquitoes and ticks transmit to humans. Zika is similar to dengue, yellow fever, West Nile virus and Japanese encephalitis. The virus was first identified in 1947 in Uganda, specifically in the Zika forests.
Recently, the first child with microcephaly was born in Spain because of the Zika virus, but in countries like Brazil they count by hundreds. Experts link the infection with fetal malformations such as microcephaly and, in some cases, also with Guillain-Barré syndrome (a serious immune disorder that can cause paralysis). Now you have to add deafness.
Zika and hearing loss
According to a study, it has been prepared by the Agamenon Magalhães Hospital in Brazil in collaboration with other institutions and published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States, congenital Zika virus infection It should also be considered a risk factor for childhood hearing.
In particular, congenital infection can cause deafness in children. To prepare it, it was evaluated 70 children under 10 months with microcephaly and Zika infection between November 2015 and May 2016, of which one who had received ototoxic treatment (harmful to the ear) was ruled out. Five of the children, 5.8 percent, tested positive for sensorineural deafness, a type of hearing loss, which is the medical term for total or partial inability to hear sounds in one or both ears.