A group of researchers has designed a biosynthetic route to achieve a more effective fixation of carbon in the plants. The results of the finding have been published in the journal Science.
This new route is based on a new CO2 fixing enzyme that it's almost 20 times faster that the most prevalent enzyme in nature responsible for capturing CO2 in plants by using sunlight as energy.
According to the director of the study, Tobias Erb, from the Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology:
We have seen how efforts to directly gather synthetic routes for CO2 fixation in a living organism have not been successful so far. So we take a radically different, reductionist approach, assembling the main synthetic components ascendingly in a test tube.
In the end, they obtained, through sequencing and synthesis, 17 different enzymes from nine different organisms throughout the three realms of life and arranged these parts to achieve a proof of the principle of functioning of CO2 fixation that exceeds what can be found in nature.